卍 Erroneous Views of Philosophers
Excerpt from the Lankavarata Sutra:
Then Mahamati the Bodhisattva-Mahasattca spoke to the Blessed One, saying :
You speak of the erroneous views of the philosophers, will you please tell us of them, that we may be on our guard against them?
The Blessed One replied, saying : Mahamati, the error in these erroneous teachings that are generally held by the philosophers lies in this ;
-- they do not recognise that the objective world rises from the mind itself;
-- they do not understand that the whole mind-system also rises from the mind itself;
-- but depending upon these manifestations of the mind as being real they go on discriminating them, like the simple-minded ones that they are ;
-- cherishing the dualism of this and that, of being and non-being, ignorant of the fact that there is but one common Essence.
On the contrary my teaching is based upon the recognition that the objective world, like a vision, is a manifestation of the mind itself ; it teaches the cessation of ignorance, desire, deed and causality ; it teaches the cessation of suffering that arises from the discrimination of the triple world.
There are some Brahman scholars who, assuming something out of nothing, assert that there is a substance bound up with causation which abides in time, and that the elements that make up personality and its environment have their genesis and continuation in causation and after thus existing, pass away.
Then there are other scholars who hold a destructive and nihilistic view concerning such subjects as continuation, activity, breaking-up, existence, Nirvana, the Path, karma, fruition and Truth. Why?
-- Because they have not attained an intuitive understanding of Truth itself and therefore they have no clear insight into the fundamentals of things.
-- They are like a jar broken into pieces which is no longer able to function as a jar;
-- they are like a burnt seed which is no longer capable of sprouting. But the elements that make up personality and its environment which they regard as subject to change are really incapable of uninterrupted transformations.
-- Their views are based upon erroneous discriminations of the objective world ; they are not based upon the true conception.
Again, if it is true that something comes out of nothing and there is a rise of the mind-system by reason of the combination of the three effect-producing causes, we could say the same of any non-existing thing ; for instance, that a tortoise could grow hair, or sand produce oil. This proposition is of no avail ; it ends in affirming nothing. It follows that the deed, work and cause of which they speak is of no use, and so also is their reverence for being and non-being.
If they argue that there is a combination of the three effect-producing causes, they must do it on the principle of cause and effect, that is, that something comes out of something and not out of nothing.
As long as a world of relativity is asserted, there is an ever recurring chain of causation which cannot be denied under any circumstance, therefore we cannot talk of anything coming to an end of cessation.
As long as these scholars remain on their philosophical ground their demonstration must conform to logic and their textbooks and the memory-habit of erroneous intellection will ever cling to them.
To make the matter worse, the simple-minded ones, poisoned by this erroneous view, will declare this incorrect way of thinking taught by the ignorant, to be the same as that presented by the All-knowing One.